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Bronze cauldron | NATIONAL MUSEUM OF PANCEVO


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Bronze cauldron made of thin copper sheet with a handle whose ends terminate in the form of a stylized head of a snake or a dolphin. Cauldrons of this type were made in the 2nd and 3rd century. For an artifact from the collection of the National Museum of Pancevo is assumed to have origin from one of the Pannonian workshops and was intended for the market of some neighboring provinces. There is an assumption that it ended up in this region as spoils of war or as a tribute to tribal leaders. Inv. no. S 2878

MATERIAL CULTURE OF BANAT IN LATE ANTIQUITY PERIOD

On the basis of the written word of Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus, in the area of Banat in the fourth century AD lived two groups of the population, whose way of life differs greatly. They are collectively called the Sarmatians. One group is referred to as the Free Sarmatians or Argaraganti, and other as menial Sarmati or Limiganti. Menial Sarmati were up to the 332 AD under the authority of the Free and together, in the service of Rome fighting against the Germanic tribes, whose raids are increasingly focused on the borders of the Empire. Limiganti soon raise rebellion against the ruling class of the Free Sarmatians and already at 358, the Roman Emperor Constantius II is organizing a brutal march on Limigante because of that numerous villages dissapeard.

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